Did you know there are many different types of animal down at Newham Grange Farm. Find out about each one below.
A chicken is a domesticated bird. They are usually kept by humans for their meat and eggs
There are 24 billion chickens worldwide.
Most breeds of chickens can fly for short distances and some roost in trees if these are provided.
A male chicken is called a rooster or cockerel. A female chicken is called a hen. A young chicken is called a chick. Like other female birds, hens lay eggs which can hatch into chicks.
When raising chickens, a farmer needs to build a chicken coop (like a little house) for the chickens to roost (sleep) in. They also need a run or yard where they can exercise, take dust baths, eat, and drink. The chickens also need to be protected from predators such as foxes, which is often done with fences.
Chickens can also be farmed intensively. This lets farms make a lot of chicken meat, and eggs, but this is not as good for the chickens
A male duck is called a drake and female ducks are called hens. Baby ducks are called ducklings.
Ducks feet has no nerves or blood vessels, meaning that their feet do not feel the cold! This enables ducks to swim in icy water, and walk in ice and snow.
There are around 40 breeds of domestic ducks, with the most popular being the White Pekin.
Ducks normally migrate between 200 and 4,000 feet in the air, but are capable of reaching far greater heights. A jet plane over Nevada once struck a Mallard at an altitude of 21,000 feet! This is currently the highest recorded flight of any duck!
Depending on the species, a duck can live between 2 and 12 years.
Ducks have webbed feet, acting like peddles under the water. This is what makes them such good swimmers.
Ducks have three eyelids!
The feathers on a ducks back are waterproof.
Some ducks can fly up to 332 miles in a single day!
Goats can vary in size from 35 lbs pygmy goats to 230 lbs.
Goats’ pupils (like many hooved animals) are rectangular. This gives them vision for 320 to 340 degrees (compared to humans with 160-210) around them without having to move and they are thought to have excellent night vision.
Goats are known for their willingness to eat almost anything! Behaviourists think goats chew these items to find out more about them and to see if they are edible.
For centuries, the young of a goat have been called kids. It wasn’t until the 1800’s that the word kid was extended to children.
Pygmy goats are pregnant for between 145 and 153 days.
Goats give birth to one or two kids; each weighs about two to four pounds at birth, but can stand and nurse within minutes. They can run and jump within four hours of birth.
Each kid has a unique call, and along with its scent, that is how its mother recognizes it from birth – not by sight.
Like human kids, goat kids like to snuggle.
The ‘kid pile’ is a common sight as they curl up with each other for companionship and warmth.